Articles tagged with "infrastructure"
Let me begin with two brief apologies – first, my last post on Iraq on TOD was hit with a vast quantity of spam that made it difficult to find all the pertinent comments; hopefully this post will have a little easier time. And secondly, although I used an EIA graph to show Iraqi production and consumption, Westexas was kind enough to point to an error in the domestic consumption plot. The more accurate consumption plot can be found here through 2011, and the figures for last year are up to 880 kbd, higher than the plot I showed, and close to the current capacity (900 kbd) of the refineries in the country. Some of the difference between the two plots comes about because Iraq continues to import significant quantities of refined oil products.
Last week I mentioned that while the potential production from current contracts in Iraq held great promise for the future, that it was unlikely that those targets would be reached. This post is meant as an explanation for that pessimism, but it should be noted that Iraq itself is now seeking to revise the initial targets since it perceives that too much oil in the market may well be destabilizing. This, even though growth is spread over the next decades, and demand is projected to increase at more than 1 mbd/year for the next few years.
Posted by Heading Out on August 14, 2012 - 10:59pm
Tags: chinese energy demand, chinese production, infrastructure, qinghai, solar power, water heaters, xining [list all tags]
Three years ago I took my third trip to China, flying this time to Qinghai Province and then taking the train back down from Xining City through Xian to Shanghai. One of the more striking parts of the trip was the first day of the train travel, where the tracks cut down from the Tibetan Plateau to the plains of the East. The valleys are narrow and it is often difficult for the train tracks and roads to find an easy route, so this led to many tunnels, and in places, one or the other running on piers up the valley.
Figure 1. Railway causeway set across a valley carrying a second line (photo taken from the first, about to go into a tunnel) the river crosses under the line and runs along the left hillside.
The countryside was redolent with new highway construction and the tunnels necessary to bring additional communications into a hinterland that had few good roads (or any other method) reaching into remote communities in the past.
Figure 2. Further down the valley it is much narrower and the road and rails run in tunnels on each side of the river. The current narrow road is being widened but whenever there was a hold-up, the line of trucks waiting grew by miles (very few cars).
A historian once commented on the major impact to the American economy and social infrastructure created with the development of the road network and the addition of the Interstate system. When I first went to China in 1987, poverty was rampant; the main method of transportation was by bicycle though I travelled by train and minibus. By my second visit in 2002, the economy was undergoing rapid changes. Their interstate network was being developed, although I remember noting that the train passed many miles of freeway that had very little traffic. They are now seeing this gain, but it is a work still in progress, and in turn, it is driving growth in Chinese oil demand.
Posted by Rembrandt on August 26, 2010 - 10:45am in The Oil Drum: Europe
Tags: alcatraz conference, collapse, complexity, dynamics, feasta, infrastructure, supply chains [list all tags]
This is a presentation by Dr. David Korowicz from Feasta, given at the Oil Drum/ASPO Conference at Alcatraz, Italy in June 2009. It can be downloaded here: Things fall apart: Some thoughts on complexity, supply chains, infrastructure & collapse dynamics, PDF 23 slides, 1.3 MB, text of spoken presentation. It was previously posted on The Oil Drum in August 2009.
This is a presentation by Dr. David Korowicz from Feasta, given at the Oil Drum/ASPO Conference at Alcatraz, Italy in June 2009. It can be downloaded here: Things fall apart: Some thoughts on complexity, supply chains, infrastructure & collapse dynamics, PDF 23 slides, 1.3 MB, text of spoken presentation.
The five main elements of the world model developed in "The Limits to Growth" study according to Magne Myrtveit .
This is a guest post by Cameron Leckie of ASPO Australia. The post is a copy of a letter which has been sent to the Australian Investments and Security Commission. The media discussion on the BrisConnections fiasco has not as yet covered the traffic forecast for the project. This will no doubt change as events unfold.
The current situation that has arisen with BrisConnections and the Airport Link project should never have occurred. If the projects proponents and BrisConnection’s had conducted an Oil Vulnerability Assessment, this project, at least in its current form, would never have been commenced. That in turn would have meant that investors did not lose significant amounts of money, or be in the situation where they could lose their homes and/or become bankrupt. There also would have been no requirement for the current round of legal cases.
This letter will explain why Oil Vulnerability Assessments should be mandatory for all transportation and related investments.
Corrosion engineers are not always popular in the oil and gas industry as they are usually requesting money for additional maintenance, or to take something offline for inspection or have something else shut down if it has really deteriorated. But ageing infrastructure (as well as an ageing workforce) is one important aspect of the peak oil problem.
Posted by Engineer-Poet on January 26, 2009 - 10:49am
Tags: barack obama, energy infrastructure, infrastructure, integral fast reactor, molten salt reactor, nuclear, obama energy advice, policy, rail, thorium, wind [list all tags]
This article is one of a series of articles, offering energy advice to President Obama and his administration.
The incoming Obama administration has promised a much-needed change in the direction of US energy policy (or non-policy, as some see the current situation). However, some of those changes appear to be campaign gimmicks or aimed at satisfying special interests rather than solving our various problems. (The heavy-for-light crude swap in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve proposed in the Obama-Biden energy proposal appears to be one such gimmick.)
For much too long, US energy legislation (I hesitate to call it policy, because it lacks the coherence to justify the label) has been aimed at short-term patches on problems which have only gotten worse. CAFE regulations have barely held fuel economy steady, while low fuel prices caused consumption to skyrocket. "Free trade" allowed cheap oil imports to kill movement toward efficiency and substitutes. The auto industry lobbied against fuel taxes to promote its short-term interest in selling profitable trucks, with the long-term result that all 3 US automakers will go bankrupt in the next year if nothing is done.
We've had change before, but the results put us where we are now. It's time for the right change.
Stuart McCarthy and Matt Mushalik have been poring over the detail of Infrastructure Australia's Report to the Council of Australian Goverments (COAG). Stuart made a submission to Infrastructure Australia which we wrote about in November.
Below is an excerpt from the Infrastructure Australia report to COAG. A few quibbles with some of the detail, but nonetheless this is a big step in the right direction. To my knowledge this is the first Federal Government agency to acknowledge peak oil, and not in some vague 2030 timeframe.