A Megaproject list from the Oil and Gas Journal
The projects are not all inclusive, at least I hope not, since they have only one new project for Russia, Prirazlomnoye in 2009+, and they do not give any oil production numbers for Sakhalin Island at all, but notice who the new player is (our good friend Gazprom, of course). But the OGJ also reaches deeper into the smaller projects, there being one down as small as 5,000 bd for example. To correct my comment the other day on where the Saudi oil will come from in this time frame they have:
This will cost somewhere on the thick end of $20 billion, but will very largely produce (other than the Manifa which is heavy) light and extra light oil.
The listing is also useful because it lists the NGL that can be expected from natural gas production, and where new natural gas production can be anticipated (and again there is nothing new from Russia until Sakhalin 1 comes on stream in 2009).
In regard to new technology they cite increased fracturing of wells in the Piceance basin where, with an average of 45 well fracture zones per well, ExxonMobil have developed a way of accelerating gas production from the wells by a factor of around 3-fold (1 bcf in 500 days as opposed to about 0.3 bcf). The technology won the Most Innovative Commercial Technology of the Year.
The summary comments deal more with the finding of new gas projects including the Great Gorgon in Australia (2 LNG trains), and an expansion of the LNG facility in East Timor. There will be a new LNG facility in Norway at Snohvit. In Kazakhstan they will reinject sour gas at Tengiz to increase oil recovery. There will be a new LNG facility off Equatorial Guinea, while there are three new LNG projects anticipated for Nigeria, although there is a question as to when they will come on line. And Peru is anticipating an LNG plant for their Camisea field.
If we are to put these projects in the same context as earlier discussions relative to the balance of supply and demand then if we are looking at an increase in demand of around 1.2 mbd/year globally, then we had better hope, either that depletion of production from existing wells is less than 4% or that folk keep cranking up that ethanol production (grin).
Interestingly our friends from CERA have just come out with a report that states that supplies will be tight now through 2007. After earlier claiming that it would not be long before we would be `swimming in oil" they now state that
Disruptions to supplies of gasoline, diesel fuel, and light products, associated in part with changes in fuel quality standards, will keep oil markets tight and prices high during the next 2 years, Cambridge Energy Research Associates forecast in a report issued June 6.They also see an increase in refining costs due to a shortage of skilled labor, and construction materials, while they expect midwestern and Middle Eastern refineries to start adapting more to dealing with heavier crudes.
"Incremental additions to refining capacity over the next 2 years [will] be insufficient to meet new global demand," it predicts.
I took the report from the paper version of the OGJ, which also has a section on the oil sands of Canada, and I will include a comment on that in my next post (grin).